By Joel Zanatta
Back when I really started taking cycling seriously, if you mentioned the term “protected bike lanes” it was sure to incite a debate.
Most cyclists were in favour of them, (for obvious reasons) as they are proven to reduce accidents and fatalities. But many motorists hated them. With a passion. Over the years I heard them described as “annoying”, “a waste of tax money”, “inconvenient eyesores” and some other more colourful terms.
Not just in reducing accidents and fatalities, but also in increasing the livability of cities.
Paul Krueger has been a Transportation and Public Space Planner with the City of Vancouver since 2006, and admits there was some fierce opposition when protected bike lanes were first introduced.
“When we were initiating some of our first protected bike infrastructure projects more than a decade ago, there were fears about increased traffic, lost parking, and customers and employees having a harder time getting to their destinations. But those fears haven’t materialized, and overall the projects have had a positive impact.”
Paul sees part of his role as a planner as creating “happier, healthier cities”, and that most communities and business owners now realize cycling projects can be good for cyclists, good for a city,and good for business.
“There are lots of reasons to support more cycling,” he says.”It’s low cost and produces zero emissions. It’s social, safe, and often the fastest and most convenient way to travel. And cycling infrastructure—like protected bike lanes—can also help other modes of transportation as well, by reducing road congestion and linking people to transit.”
A 13 year study of a dozen cities in the US found that protected bike lanes led to a drastic decline in fatalities for all users of the road. Cities with protected and separated bike lanes had 44 percent fewer deaths and 50 percent fewer injuries than the average city.
The benefits for cyclists are obvious. But cycling infrastructure also helps protect motorists and pedestrians as well, by slowing cars down. Even when a driver hits another driver, it’s less likely to be a fatality because it’s happening at a slower speed.
Montreal is currently adding 26 kilometres of protected bike lanes as part of its two-year plan to make cycling safer. Calgary continues to expand its protected cycling infrastructure, and has seen a correlating 53 percent increase in users. And when Edmonton introduced its bike lane system three years ago, that city saw an 81 percent jump in cyclists in its very first year.
And consequently, opposition to them is low.
Most Vancouverites now support protected bike lanes. A survey in December indicated 70% of Vancouver residents are now in favour. And a 2018 survey found more than 80 percent of Toronto residents support building protected bike lanes.
Even three-quarters of those who primarily drive to get around that city support them.
“In general, people are becoming more supportive of protected infrastructure projects when they’re able to see and experience successful examples first-hand—when they see they’re not just for a small niche of society, but something that can benefit everyone—even people who don’t cycle,” says Paul. “They’re not just for MAMILS (Middle Aged Men in Lycra) but for families with children, seniors, and people going to work, shopping, and enjoying the area.”
Vancouver’s audacious goal is that by 2030 at least two-thirds of all trips in the city be on foot, bike or transit, and that by then, there be zero traffic-related cycling fatalities. An ambitious goal for sure, but one that I think is entirely achievable with protected bike lanes.
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